Zinedine Zidane's side offered scant consistent threat at Coliseum Alfonso Perez, as the host battled to a point that keeps its in control of its Champions League destiny.
It could have been even better for Getafe, which has only won one of its past 19 league games against its neighbour, had Keylor Navas not produced an excellent double save in the second half to keep the scores level.
The in-form Karim Benzema dragged a shot wide inside the first minute, but with Madrid struggling to settle and Getafe out to disrupt its rhythm, it was a first half-hour of little quality.
Navas, keeping his place ahead of Thibaut Courtois, parried a free-kick from Mauro Arambarri before David Soria claimed Benzema's low effort from Gareth Bale's cross.
Soria was busier in the opening minutes of the second half than in the whole of the first, denying Casemiro and Dani Carvajal from distance and blocking at the feet of Bale.
The excellent Brahim Diaz was beginning to find lots of space as Madrid threatened a little more, but Navas was forced into fine stops to deny Jorge Molina and Jaime Mata from inside the box to preserve a point for the visitor.