Brazil has lost top spot in the FIFA World Ranking to Germany.
World Cup qualifying wins over the Czech Republic and Norway, combined with Brazil's draw with Colombia, allowed the world champion to regain the summit.
UEFA EURO 2016 winner Portugal moved up three places to third - above Argentina - while Belgium jumped back into the top five off the back of a 9-0 win over Gibraltar and 2-1 victory in Greece.
Spain remained 11th, England dropped to 15th and Italy, beaten 3-0 in Madrid this month, slipped five places to 17th. Wales climbed back to 13th place.
Luxembourg, which played out a shock draw with France, jumped 35 places to 101st, its highest ranking. Peru (12th), Northern Ireland (20th) and Syria (75th) also reached record-breaking positions.
Bolivia (46th, up 22), Montenegro (37th, up 15), Bulgaria (38th, up 14), Scotland (43rd, up 15) and Haiti (48th, up seven) are five fresh entries in the top 50.
The biggest climber was Cape Verde Islands, which jumped 47 places to 67th after shock back-to-back wins over South Africa.